Corporate governance is an important part of a company’s success, responsible corporate management and supervision. Wacker Chemie AG attaches great importance to the rules of proper corporate governance. In this report, the Executive Board provides details – also for the Supervisory Board – on corporate management in accordance with Item 3.10 of the German Corporate Governance Code (Code) and Section 289a (1) of the German Commercial Code (HGB).
Declaration of Conformity and Corporate Governance Reporting
The Executive and Supervisory Boards dealt intensively with the company’s corporate governance and the alterations to the Code in the 2011 fiscal year. The Executive Board and the Supervisory Board have resolved to issue the following annual Declaration of Conformity as per Section 161 of the German Stock Corporation Act (AktG). The Declaration of Conformity was made permanently available to the general public on the company’s website.
The 2011 Declaration of Conformity Issued by Wacker Chemie AG’s Executive and Supervisory Boards
General Declaration Pursuant to Section 161 of the German Stock Corporation Act
In December 2010, the Executive Board and the Supervisory Board of Wacker Chemie AG issued their last declaration of conformity pursuant to Section 161 of the German Stock Corporation Act and supplemented this with Item f) in May 2011. Since that time, Wacker Chemie AG has complied with the recommendations of the German Corporate Governance Code in the version dated May 26, 2010, with the following exceptions, and will continue to comply with the recommendations of the Code except as follows:
a) D&O Insurance Deductible for Supervisory Board Members
German law and a company’s Articles of Association set clear limits in regards to the Supervisory Board’s ability to exert influence on the business activities of a stock corporation. Pursuant to Section 76 (1) of the German Stock Corporation Act, an Executive Board is responsible for independently managing the corporation. A Supervisory Board is instrumental in defining the main features of corporate strategy. However, beyond this contribution, the Supervisory Board’s abilities are limited in terms of influencing the implementation of corporate strategy or operative business. The same applies to measures taken to avert damage or loss to the company. Since the Supervisory Board members receive a relatively low representation allowance when compared to the Executive Board members’ compensation, we do not deem the agreement of a deductible reasonable for members of the Supervisory Board.
b) Severance Pay Cap
We will comply with this recommendation of the Code on new appointments to the Executive Board, as well as the re-appointment of Executive Board members.
c) Appropriate Representation of Women on the Executive Board
The considerable importance that Wacker Chemie AG attaches to diversity extends to Executive Board membership. Nonetheless, expertise – including experience gained abroad – and qualifications are the key criteria here. For this reason, we do not consider it expedient to prioritize “the aim of appropriate representation of women” over expertise and qualifications.
d) Formation of a Nomination Committee within the Supervisory Board
The Supervisory Board is to establish a Nomination Committee that is exclusively composed of shareholder representatives and whose task it is to make recommendations to the Supervisory Board with regard to suitable candidates for proposal to the Annual Shareholders’ Meeting.
We do not comply with this recommendation because, in view of our shareholder structure, we do not believe that the formation of such a committee is appropriate. Due to the majority situation, nominations to the Supervisory Board must be agreed with the majority shareholder in any case, so that an additional nomination committee would not serve to increase efficiency.
e) Announcement of Proposed Candidates for the Chair of the Supervisory Board to the Shareholders
According to this recommendation, shareholders shall be informed of any candidates for the Supervisory Board chair even though, as a rule, the Supervisory Board has not yet been appointed. Under German law, the Supervisory Board chair must be elected by, and from among, the Supervisory Board members. There is no legal requirement to announce the candidates for the chair from among a yet-to-be-appointed group of Supervisory Board members. Furthermore, this would result in a de facto predetermination, which is also not provided for under German law. For these reasons, we do not comply with this recommendation.
f) Performance-Oriented Compensation for Supervisory Board Members
The members of the Supervisory Board do not receive performance-oriented compensation to ensure that they maintain a high level of independence. On the one hand, the Supervisory Board only has limited potential for impacting the operative business. On the other hand, both work load and the risk of liability for Supervisory Board members generally do not progress parallel to the company’s business success. Particularly in difficult times, when variable compensation might be decreased, it can be essential for the Supervisory Board members to thoroughly fulfill their monitoring and advisory functions.
Corporate Governance Reporting
Shareholders and Annual Shareholders’ Meeting
Transparent Information for Shareholders and the Public
WACKER’s aim is to inform all of the company’s target groups – whether shareholders, shareholder representatives, analysts, media, or the interested general public – promptly and with equality of access. We regularly publicize important dates for the company in a financial calendar published in our Annual Report, in the interim reports and on our website. The capital market participants are in close contact with our Investor Relations team. We inform investors and analysts about the current and future development of business in telephone conferences held whenever a quarterly report is published. We regularly attend roadshows and investors’ conferences. We organize a “Capital Markets Day” once a year. Important presentations can be viewed freely on the internet. All of the press releases and ad-hoc disclosures in both German and English, the online version of the Annual Report, all interim reports and the Sustainability Report can also be found there. Further information is provided by our online customer magazine, media library and Podcast Center.
Annual Shareholders’ Meeting
The Annual Shareholders’ Meeting provides an efficient and extensive venue for informing shareholders about the company’s situation. Even before the Annual Shareholders’ Meeting begins, shareholders receive important information about the last fiscal year in the Annual Report. The agenda items are described and the conditions of attendance explained in the invitation to the Annual Shareholders’ Meeting. All of the documents are posted on our website. After the Annual Shareholders’ Meeting, we publish the attendance figures and the results of the votes on the internet. All these communication measures contribute to the regular exchange of information with our shareholders. WACKER helps its shareholders to exercise their rights either in person or by proxy. Proxies are available to exercise shareholders’ voting rights as instructed and can also be contacted during the Annual Shareholders’ Meeting.
Working Methods of the Executive and Supervisory Boards
Wacker Chemie AG has a dual management system as prescribed in the German Stock Corporation Act. It consists of the Executive Board, which manages the company, and the Supervisory Board, which supervises the company. These two bodies are kept strictly separate from one another with regard to both their membership and their areas of expertise. The Executive and Supervisory Boards collaborate closely to ensure WACKER’s long-term and enduring success.
The Executive Board bears complete responsibility for managing the company and represents Wacker Chemie AG in all dealings with third parties. The Executive Board’s actions and decisions are driven by the company’s interest and the aim to sustainably increase the Group’s value. With this goal in mind, the Executive Board determines the WACKER Group’s strategic alignment. It then steers and monitors this by allocating funds, resources and capacities, and by supporting and overseeing the operating units. The Executive Board also ensures compliance with legal requirements and establishes an appropriate risk management system.
The members of the Executive Board bear joint responsibility for managing the company. In addition to this, the individual members of the Executive Board are fully responsible for managing their respective units. All Executive Board decisions generally require a simple majority. In the case of a tie of votes, the president & CEO has the deciding vote. However, he does not have the right to veto Executive Board resolutions.
Close Cooperation between the Executive and Supervisory Boards
The Executive and Supervisory Boards cooperate closely with one another in the interests of the company. Their common goal is the sustainable development of the company and its value. The Executive Board reports to the Supervisory Board regularly, promptly and comprehensively about all issues of planning, business development, the risk situation and risk management that are relevant to the company. It explains to the Supervisory Board any deviations from the approved plans and objectives shown by the course of business, and specifies the reasons for them.
Certain transactions defined in Wacker Chemie AG’s constitution require the Supervisory Board’s approval prior to their conclusion. These include, among others, approving the annual budget (including financial and investment planning), acquiring and disposing of shares in companies, establishing new production or business units, or suspending existing ones, and concluding sizeable long-term loans. The Executive Board also provides the Supervisory Board with regular reports on compliance.
The Supervisory Board appoints, oversees and advises the Executive Board and is directly involved in any decisions of crucial importance to WACKER. Fundamental decisions on the company’s development require Supervisory Board approval.
The Supervisory Board comprises 16 members. In compliance with the German Co-Determination Act (MitbestG), it has an equal number of shareholder and employee representatives. The Supervisory Board appoints the members of the Executive Board and oversees and advises it on the management of the company.
As members of the Supervisory Board cannot simultaneously sit on the Executive Board, this structure ensures a high degree of independence in monitoring the Executive Board.
Committees Increase the Supervisory Board’s Efficiency
The Supervisory Board has constituted three professionally qualified committees to help it perform its duties optimally. The work of the committees is reported on regularly at Supervisory Board meetings.
The Executive Committee prepares the Supervisory Board’s personnel decisions, especially the appointment and dismissal of Executive Board members and the nomination of the president & CEO. In addition, it develops the system for Executive Board compensation, on the basis of which the meeting of the full Supervisory Board determines the compensation payable to Executive Board members. The Executive Committee consists of the Chairman of the Supervisory Board, Dr. Peter-Alexander Wacker, and Supervisory Board members Anton Eisenacker and Franz-Josef Kortüm.
The Audit Committee does the groundwork for the Supervisory Board’s decisions on the adoption of the annual financial statements and the approval of the consolidated financial statements. Its work also includes an audit of the consolidated interim financial statements for the first half-year, discussion of the quarterly reports, and issues involving risk management.
In connection with this, the committee is obliged to pre-audit the annual financial statements, the consolidated financial statements, the combined management report and the proposal for the appropriation of profits. In particular, the Committee monitors the accounting processes and the effectiveness of the internal control, risk management and auditing systems. It performs these tasks in close cooperation with the external auditors. The Audit Committee also prepares the agreement with the external auditors and takes suitable steps to establish and monitor the auditing company’s independence. On this basis, it gives the Supervisory Board a recommendation as to whom it should propose as auditor to the Annual Shareholders’ Meeting. The members of this committee are Dr. Bernd W. Voss, Dr. Peter-Alexander Wacker and Anton Eisenacker. The committee is chaired by Dr. Bernd W. Voss, who has special knowledge and experience in the fields of accounting and auditing.
The Group also has a statutory Mediation Committee, the tasks of which are stipulated by German law. Chaired by Dr. Peter-Alexander Wacker, this committee also consists of Anton Eisenacker, Franz-Josef Kortüm and Uwe Fritz (until May 31, 2011) and Manfred Köppl (since June 30, 2011), respectively.
Key Corporate Management Practices
Compliance as a Key Managerial Duty of the Executive Board
At WACKER, managerial and monitoring duties include ensuring that the company complies with legal requirements and that employees observe internal company regulations. The Group’s compliance policy is regularly reviewed and adapted.
WACKER’s compliance organization is responsible in this regard. The company has appointed and trained compliance officers in Germany, Norway, the USA, China, Japan, India, South Korea, Brazil and Singapore. These hold regular training courses to inform employees of key legal provisions and internal regulations. Moreover, they serve as contacts whenever employees have questions or need advice about compliance. One major compliance-management focus in 2011 was on international sites. More employees there were included in both online and classroom-based training.
Responsible Care® and the Global Compact – Integral Parts of Corporate Management
Two voluntary global initiatives form the basis for sustainable corporate management at WACKER: Responsible Care® (the chemical-industry initiative) and the UN’s Global Compact. WACKER has been an active member of the Responsible Care® initiative since 1991. Program participants commit themselves to securing continuous improvements to health, safety and environmental performance on a voluntary basis – irrespective of legal requirements.
WACKER is equally committed to the UN’s Global Compact initiative. We observe the Global Compact’s ten principles, which deal with social and environmental standards, anticorruption and the protection of human rights. We also expect our suppliers to respect the principles of the Global Compact and we evaluate them on this point in our risk assessments.
In 2011, we established an internal Corporate Sustainability department. It guides the implementation of WACKER’s voluntary commitments under Responsible Care® and the Global Compact and coordinates our sustainability activities worldwide.
Companies can only be successful if they have society’s trust. Consequently, WACKER takes its social responsibilities seriously toward communities near its sites and wherever people are in distress around the world. We regularly promote and support a wide variety of charitable projects, organizations and initiatives. Our commitment covers activities relating to science, education, sports and various charities.
Further Information on Corporate Governance at WACKER
Compliance with the Provisions of Section 15 of the German Securities Trading Act (WpHG)
We comply with the statutory provisions of Section 15 of the German Securities Trading Act. For a number of years, we have maintained an “ad-hoc publicity” coordination unit in which representatives of various specialist areas examine issues for their ad-hoc relevance. In this way, we guarantee that potential insider information is handled in accordance with the law. Employees whose functions necessitate access to insider information are listed in an insider directory.
Share Dealings by the Executive and Supervisory Boards
Section 15a of the German Securities Trading Act stipulates that members of the Executive and Supervisory Boards and certain dependents are obliged to notify the German Federal Financial Supervisory Authority (BaFin) and the company of any purchase or sale of WACKER shares or any further rights related to such shares if an amount of €5,000 is exceeded within one calendar year.
In 2011, members of the Executive and Supervisory Boards and their dependents subject to reporting requirements gave notification of 13 purchasing transactions involving between eight to 2,000 WACKER shares. The volumes of the individual transactions ranged from €1,274 to €159,840.
Blue Elephant Holding GmbH, which is majority-owned by Dr. Peter-Alexander Wacker (Supervisory Board Chairman of Wacker Chemie AG), holds over 10 percent of the voting shares in Wacker Chemie AG.
Dealing Responsibly with Opportunities and Risks
Dealing responsibly with risks is an important part of good corporate governance. WACKER uses systematic opportunity and risk management to regularly identify and monitor material risks and opportunities. Its objective is to recognize risks at an early stage and minimize them with consistent risk management. The Executive Board informs the Supervisory Board regularly about existing risks and their development. The Audit Committee concerns itself regularly with the accounting process and the effectiveness of the internal control, risk management and auditing systems. It is also involved in auditing the financial statements. The opportunity and risk management system is continuously being enhanced and adapted to meet changing conditions.
Accounting and Auditing
As stipulated by the Corporate Governance Code, we have agreed with the auditors, KPMG AG Wirtschaftsprüfungsgesellschaft, Munich, that the Chairman of the Supervisory Board shall be informed without delay during the audit about any grounds for disqualification and/or bias. In addition, the auditors shall immediately report all significant discoveries and events which concern the Supervisory Board’s duties. If, during the course of their audit activities, the auditors establish facts which reveal errors in the Declaration of Conformity in accordance with Section 161 of the German Stock Corporation Act, the Supervisory Board shall be notified accordingly and/or a note included in the audit report.
WACKER has concluded a financial liability insurance policy that also covers the activities of the Executive and Supervisory Board members (i.e. D&O insurance). As of July 1, 2010, this insurance has included the statutory deductible for the members of the Executive Board.
Targets for Supervisory Board Composition
WACKER has always placed importance on having highly qualified individuals sit on its Supervisory Board. Pursuant to Item 5.4.1 of the German Corporate Governance Code, WACKER’s Supervisory Board aims to have its composition meet the following targets in the future. Not only are Supervisory Board members to be highly qualified, but they should also be internationally experienced. A further aim is to achieve an appropriate number of female Supervisory Board members.
At its meeting of December 9, 2010, the Supervisory Board approved the following targets:
1. An appropriate number of Supervisory Board members – at least one – should have international experience.
2. The Supervisory Board’s Rules of Procedure already deal extensively with members’ conflicts of interest. In general, the Supervisory Board strives to prevent such conflicts of interest and will also take this goal into account when making recommendations to the Annual Shareholders’ Meeting.
3. To achieve ever-greater diversity, the Supervisory Board wishes to increase the number of female Supervisory Board members to at least two over the next two terms. In its bid to meet this goal, the Supervisory Board strives for at least one female employee representative and at least one female shareholder representative.
The Supervisory Board’s Rules of Procedure already define an age limit.
In 2011, the composition of the Supervisory Board did not change with regard to the above targets. The next Supervisory Board elections are scheduled for 2013.